Officers apprehended an inmate from the Otoe County Detention Center about a block away from where he dashed out of the courthouse Monday afternoon.
Trace M. Schmitz, 17, of Nebraska City is suspected of breaking the courthouse door as he bolted from the building.
Witnesses saw him run across Central Avenue and run around the block in the direction of First Avenue.
Jail Administrator Nick Shimmel, responding from radio dispatch, caught up with the teen among the yards south of Nuckoll's Square. Bystanders pointed out the teen's location and he was resting along the street when Shimmel arrived.
He said Schmitz, who was wearing street clothes and had his hands handcuffed to a belt around his waist, surrendered without incident.
Schmitz had appeared in court on a felony burglary charge, where a June 10 preliminary hearing date and $2,500 bond provision were set.
Inmates and others were waiting outside of the courtroom to complete paperwork at the clerk's office.
Schmitz would have been returned to the jail after signing bond information, but left the line and headed down the hallway.
Chief Deputy Mike Holland said there are thousands of court appearances for inmates each year and it is rare to have any incidents.
He said, however, the jail administration is interested in working with the courts to try and minimize the time an inmate waits in the hallway.
Deputy Otoe County Attorney Tim Noerrlinger said he does not know why Schmitz ran from the courthouse, but said Schmitz is familiar with the way the juvenile court operates and was perhaps upset by the way the adult court operates.
Schmitz has 17 juvenile cases in Otoe County, beginning with allegations of misdemeanor assault in 2007.
He was returned to the county court after his apprehension and charged with felony escape and criminal mischief because of the broken courthouse door.
The bond on the new charges was set with a provision of $25,000.
Schmitz was initially arrested after Nebraska City police responded to a burglary report at the Jennifer Mumm and Mark Hand residence at 1620 Third Corso.
A carton of cigarettes, two BB guns, several gold dollars, silver dollars and other coins were stolen.
Police had already taken a report from a convenience store of teens exchanging coins for dollar bills.
Police contacted Schmitz and another teen regarding the burglary and a break-in at the former Morton-House Kitchens factory.